The mangosteen tree is native to Malaysia. It was the Catholic missionaries in the early 19th century who brought the plant to Vietnam, and first cultivated it in the Lai Thieu area of Binh Duong Province. King Minh Mang who saw the value of these precious fruit trees and had them planted in the campus of Imperial Hue, giving them a special name Giang Chau, meaning the crimson tree.
Mangosteen trees are adapted to hot and humid climates found in South Eastern provinces such as: Binh Duong, Tay Ninh, Dong Nai and Mekong Delta provinces of Ben Tre, Tien Giang, Vinh Long, etc. Although planted in the North they do not grow well or produce biggger seed.
As mangosteen plants are mainly propagated from seeds, there is a long time before fruiting (6-8 years), and then, there is a long time for fruiting. Thus, these fruit trees require a longterm invesment than others.
His farm has strictly follows the standard of the GLOBALGAP (Good Practise Agriculture) model and qualifies to enable export at least 60 tons annually of mangosteen to the USA and Holland markets. Mangosteen here has a higher price than market price for two reasons – higher quality and a later harvest season in general. In other areas, the harvest season of mangosteen is around March/ April, but here the harvest season is around July/ August. Mangosteens here are evaluated to be delicious with big same-size fruits and less pestilent, the exploitation time can be over 50 years. Currently, mangosteen plantation in Gia Nghia city has not been planned and invested in the direction of large-scale intensive farming, mainly intercropped with coffee, pepper and other fruit trees but still bring stable output and revenue for locals.