Nam Nung Natural Reserve

Geographical location, boundary: Nam Nung Natural Reserve is at the administrative border of 07 villages Nam Nung, Nam N’Dir, Duc Xuyen (Krong No district), Quang Son village (Dak Glong District) and Dak Hoa, Dak Mol, Nam N’Jang villages (Dak Song

District).

Geographical coordinate: From 12012’00” to 12020’00” the north latitude, from 107044’00” to 107053’00” the east longitude.

Area: Total natural area of Nam Nung Natural Reserve is 21,865.87 ha with most of area is primitive forest. The highest peak, also for the South of Central Highlands is Nam Nung (Sung Tram mountain) with elevation of 1500m.

Conservation level: National

Characteristic of biodiversity

Diversity of ecosystem: Nam Nung Natural Reserve has 02 ecosystems Broadleaf evergreen natural forestry ecosystem and Natural bamboo mixed forestry ecosystem. The area of broadleaf evergreen natural forestry ecosystem accounts for most of area with more than 90 percentage of Natural Reserve.

Diversity of flora: Based on previous researches, the fauna are very abundant and diverse. There are 881 species of vascular plant belonging to 541 genera of 175 families. There are 75 rare and precious species named in the Red Book of Vietnam and the world Red Book such as Rosewood, Red-wood, Sindora Siamensis, Merawan, Apitong, Mukulungu, Trigonobalanus verticillata, triangular oak… In the world, triangular oak is only found in Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam. Dak Nong geopark is one of the three sites in the Central Highlands, Vietnam found triangular oak. The vegetation cover is the place where the fauna is raised. It is divided into 334 species, accounting for 39.1%; pharmaceutical group has 333 species, accounting for 40.8%; Group of plants for human and animal has 192 species, of which 51 species for fruits, 14 species for tubers and seeds, 70 species for leaves, 37 species for animal food, 20 species for drinking water. Diversity of fauna

  • The Beast: There are 58 species, including rat with highest amount (8 species, accounting for 10.96 percentage of identified species), followed by squirrel with 07 species, accouting 9.59 percent. There are 5 families with only 1 species, accouting for 1.37 percent: flying fox, pangolin, chevrotain, pig and elephant. Especially, 24 of 58 species named in Red Book, at risk of extinction that need to be gene protected such as elephant, gaur, black shanked douc langur, black gibbon, binturong, bison,…[13]
  • The Bird: According to Dong Thai et.al, 2011, It is recorded that 173 birds belonging to 15 sets, 47 families with 13 species are rare and precious, especially Buceros bicornis – the big-sized bird, currently significant decrease due to hunting and habitat loss.
  • The Fish: in the research area, there are 66 species belonging to 18 families and 09 sets. Therein, 06 species are in Red list of IUCN 2016, 05 species are at nearly threatened, 01 species is at endangered level and 01 species is at vulnerable
  • The Reptile, Frog: In 37 identified species, there are some species with high conservation value as Gekko, Varanus salvator, Coelognathus radiates, krait and cobra…
  • The Insect: There are 03 species named in Vietnam Red Book 2007 include threehorned dung beetle, Black flying crab, belostomatid…